The valleys, villages and mountains visited by ItalyIndeed’s Culture, History and Archaeology tours have been the setting for a number of significant battles and struggles across history. From the first Roman expansion at the expense of the former Italic tribes up until the Second World War, the area described by Rome, Naples, the Apennines and the Tyrrhenian Sea has witnessed many crucial confrontations unravel. One of the partners ItalyIndeed is most proud to be associated with is the Winterline Museum in Venafro. It has been painstakingly created by Luciano Bucci, a local resident who has for almost three decades been scouring the mountains where some of the most bloody battles between the Germans and the Allies during World War II took place. Luciano is not only a good friend, but also a tireless and passionate researcher, who was been able to find and collect incredible amounts of memorabilia along the so called Winterline.

The name was chosen by the Allied forces – Americans mainly on that side of the front – because the battle, one of the most fiercely fought on European soil,  took place during the winter of 1944-1945. The troops spent much longer than had been expected on those freezing mountains, and they left behind a vast number of objects, which while are relics for us today, were everyday things for those who lived in the army encampments: tools, ready-to-eat tinned food, tents, knives, uniforms, radios, even a bicycle. ItalyIndeed has always considered the visit to the Winterline museum a very special one. Walking among perfectly recreated scenes of daily vigilance and preparedness, together with the deeply knowledgeable account of events that Luciano shares with the visitors, is a truly unique experience. His desire to pass on all that he has learnt, has even taken him to Washington, where at the invitation of American veterans he regularly attends the remembrance celebrations for those lost during World War II. ItalyIndeed would like to thank Luciano and others who keep alive the memory of how we were liberated and the memory of those from far away who gave their lives so that our future generations could follow their dreams rather than be condemned to live in fear.